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五金冲压有哪些种类

来源:    发布时间:2019-04-28 15:53:07    点击:

  五金冲压工艺的品种:
  Varieties of metal stamping process:
  五金冲压主要是按工艺分类,可分为别离工序和成形工序两大类。别离工序也称冲裁,其目的是使五金冲压件沿一定轮廓线从板料上别离,同时保证别离断面的质量请求。成形工序的目的是使板料在不破坯的条件下发作塑性变形,制成所需外形和尺寸的工件。在实践消费中,常常是多种工序综合应用于一个工件。冲裁、弯曲、剪切、拉深、胀形、旋压、矫正是几种主要的五金冲压工艺。
  Hardware stamping is mainly classified by process, which can be divided into two categories: separate process and forming process. Separation process, also known as blanking, aims to separate metal stamping parts from sheet metal along a certain contour line, while ensuring the quality requirements of the separation section. The purpose of forming process is to make the sheet metal plastic deformation without breaking the blank, and to make the required shape and size of the workpiece. In practical consumption, many processes are often applied to a workpiece. Punching, bending, shearing, drawing, bulging, spinning and straightening are the main metal stamping processes.
  五金冲压用板料的外表和内在性能对五金冲压废品的质量影响很大,请求五金冲压资料厚度准确、平均;外表光亮,无斑、无疤、无擦伤、无外表裂纹等;屈从强度平均,无明显方向性;平均延伸率高;屈强比低;加工硬化性低。
  The exterior and intrinsic properties of sheet metal for metal stamping have a great influence on the quality of metal stamping scrap. It requests that the thickness of metal stamping data be accurate and average; the exterior is bright, without spots, scars, scratches and external cracks; the yield strength is average, without obvious orientation; the average elongation is high; the yield strength ratio is low; and the processing hardness is low.
  在实践消费中,常用与五金冲压过程近似的工艺性实验,如拉深性能实验、胀形性能实验等检验资料的五金冲压性能,以保证废品质量和高的合格率。
  In practice, the stamping performance of hardware, which is similar to the stamping process of hardware, is often used to ensure the quality of waste products and high qualified rate.
  冲压模具的精度和构造直接影响五金冲压件的成形和精度。冲压模具制形成本和寿命则是影响五金冲压件本钱和质量的重要要素。冲压模具设计和制造需求较多的时间,这就延长了新五金冲压件的消费准备时间。
  The precision and structure of stamping die directly affect the forming and precision of metal stamping parts. Formation cost and service life of stamping die are important factors affecting the cost and quality of metal stamping parts. Stamping die design and manufacturing needs more time, which prolongs the consumption preparation time of new hardware stamping parts.
  模座、模架、导向件的规范化和开展简易冲压模具(供小批量消费)、复合模、多工位级进模(供大量消费),以及研制快速换模安装,可减少五金冲压消费准备工作量和缩短准备时间,能使适用于减少五金冲压消费准备工作量和缩短准备时间,能使适用于大批量消费的先进五金冲压技术合理地应用于小批量多种类消费。
  模座、模架、导向件的规范化和开展简易冲压模具(供小批量消费)、复合模、多工位级进模(供大量消费),以及研制快速换模安装,可减少五金冲压消费准备工作量和缩短准备时间,能使适用于减少五金冲压消费准备工作量和缩短准备时间,能使适用于大批量消费的 Advanced metal stamping technology is reasonably applied to various types of consumption in small batches.
  五金冲压设备除了厚板用水压机成形外,普通都采用机械冲床。以现代高速多工位机械冲床为中心,配置开卷、矫平、废品搜集、保送等机械以及冲压模具库和快速换模安装,并应用计算机程序控制,可组成高消费率的自动五金冲压消费线。
  Hardware stamping equipment is usually formed by mechanical punch, except for thick plate forming by hydraulic press. With modern high-speed multi-station machine punch as the center, equipped with uncoiling, leveling, scrap collection, delivery and other machinery, as well as stamping die library and rapid die-changing installation, and controlled by computer program, the automatic metal stamping consumption line with high consumption rate can be formed.
  在每分钟消费数十、数百件五金冲压件的状况下,在短暂时间内完成送料、五金冲压、出件、排废料等工序,常常发作人身、设备和质量事故。因而,五金冲压中的平安消费是一个十分重要的问题。
                               山东模具
  Under the condition of consuming tens or hundreds of metal stamping parts per minute, the processes of feeding, metal stamping, discharging and discharging waste materials are completed in a short time, which often results in personal, equipment and quality accidents. Therefore, safe consumption in metal stamping is a very important issue.
  冷冲五金冲压件普通不再经切削加工,或仅需求少量的切削加工。热冲五金冲压件精度和外表状态低于冷冲五金冲压件,但仍优于铸件、锻件,切削加工量少。
  Cold-punched metal stamping parts are usually no longer machined, or require only a small amount of cutting. The precision and appearance of hot stamping metal stamping parts are lower than those of cold stamping metal stamping parts, but they are still better than castings and forgings, and the cutting quantity is less.
  五金冲压是高效的消费办法,采用复合模,特别是多工位级进模,可在一台冲床上完成多道五金冲压工序,完成由带料开卷、矫平、冲裁到成形、精整的全自动消费。消费效率高,劳动条件好,消费本钱低,普通每分钟可消费数百件。
  Metal stamping is an efficient consumption method. By using compound dies, especially multi-station progressive dies, multi-channel metal stamping process can be completed on a punch press, and automatic consumption from strip uncoiling, leveling, blanking to forming and finishing can be completed. Consumption efficiency is high, working conditions are good, consumption cost is low, ordinary can consume hundreds of pieces per minute.
 
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