China's die and mould industry started relatively late. Since the mid-1980s, great changes have taken place in China's die and mould industry. Especially in the past decade, the changes can be said to be earth-shaking, and now it has become a major producer of die and mould in the world. In most areas, Shandong mold has occupied a considerable share. But in the high-end die, still need to import a large number of foreign countries. From the overall point of view of the die industry, the overall level of China's die industry is still dominated by medium and low-grade die.
From the development history of Shandong Mould Factory, after the founding of the People's Republic of China, there was no professional mould factory in our country. With the establishment of automobile factory in the 1950s and 1960s, tool factories attached to main engine factories were gradually established. Basically, they were all large and complete tool factories established according to the Soviet model. With the development of automobile industry, these tool factories gradually turned into mould factories.
Plastic Mould Factory
Take Beiqi as an example. In the 1960s, it was called Beiqi Tool Branch. In the 1980s, Beijing Jeep was established, called Tool Workshop. It mainly produces measuring tools, cutting tools, stamping dies, forging dies, casting core boxes, die-casting dies, injection moulds, rubber moulds and various fixtures. It gradually turned into a stamping die factory in the late 1990s.
Since the 1990s, private die factories have risen, CNC machine tools have been introduced in large quantities, CAD, CAE and CAM have been implemented step by step, and the die industry has developed vigorously. Our country has become a big country of die manufacturing, but most of these factories are still large and all or small and all of them are manufacturing low-end dies. There are few middle-end and high-end dies, and all of us are in vicious competition in the low-end market.
What hinders us from being strong, professional and refined? One of the biggest obstacles is our large and all or small and all production methods, our mold production is not specialized division of labor or inadequate division of labor.
At present, there are about 30,000 die and mould factories in China, with 5% of them in Shandong Province, 10% in joint ventures, 85% in private enterprises, 1 million employees and 5,000 enterprises with annual output value of over 20 million yuan. In 2015, the total output value of moulds is about 170 billion yuan. The output value of self-used moulds of enterprises is about 40 billion yuan, which adds up to 210 billion yuan. The per capita output value of moulds is about 210 million yuan. According to the statistics of 82 key enterprises of Shandong Mould Association in 2014, the total output value of these enterprises in 2014 was 9 billion yuan, with 26800 employees, and the per capita output value was about 335,000 yuan.
Compared with the per capita output value of the mould, the Japanese mould is 1.2 million yuan, the American mould is 1.27 million yuan, and the German mould is 2 million yuan. That is to say, the per capita output value of the mould in the United States and Japan is 3-5 times of that in China, and that in Germany is 5-9 times of that in China.
There are two main reasons for the low per capita output value. One is that most of the moulds we produce are low-end moulds with low added value; the other is that our production efficiency is low. Our equipment is not inferior to theirs. Why is the added value low and the efficiency low? A very important reason is that we are not "specialized". Practice makes perfect, and specialty makes technology. "Specialized" can produce high-quality products, and "Specialized" can produce efficiency. They have a good division of labor, so the quality of the mould is good and the efficiency is high. We are big but not strong, broad but not specialized, doing everything and not good at anything, which results in the slow improvement of our technology, quality and efficiency.
Therefore, specialization and intensive production of die and mould is the only way for die and mould enterprises to improve technology, quality and efficiency, and to transform to large, strong, specialized and precise.
From the current large and complete, small and complete mold manufacturing mode, gradually to large and strong, specialized and refined transformation, forming a large and small, point and surface of the specialized and intensive production mode. That is to say, with one die center, many small die factories and processing factories are driven to form a large, strong, small and specialized production situation. Each center also has a professional focus, such as side die factories, door plate die factories, beam die factories and so on. There are many rules for market segmentation, some of which will be classified according to different forming materials, some of which may be classified according to the type of die, and some of which will be classified according to the inner panel, outer panel and even the assembly of the body, etc.
Shandong Mold Professional Production Road is long, as long as we stick to it, we will see the dawn of a powerful mould country, which is our dream of several generations of molders!